Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes was once known as adult on-set or noninsulin-dependent diabetes.

Symptoms: (often occuring only if blood sugars are quite high)

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
  • Areas of darkened skin


  • Your body doesn’t metabolize sugar in the way it needs to for creating energy
  • Your body is resistant to the effects of insulin and if it does not produce insulin, there is not enough produced to maintain normal blood sugar levels
  • No cure right now, but with treatment can be managed
  • Most common form of diabetes, millions of American have it

Risk Factors:

  • Obesity or Being Overweight: The single best predictor of Type 2 Diabetes is being overweight or obese.
  • Insulin Resistance: Type 2 Diabetes often starts with cells that are resistance to insulin. That means they are unable to take in insulin as it moves glucose from blood into the cells. With insulin resistance, the pancreas has to work overly hard to produce enough insulin so the cells can get the energy they need. This involves a complex process that eventually leads to Type 2 Diabetes
  • Ethnic Background: Diabetes occurs more often in Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders and Alaska natives.
  • High Blood Pressure: Hypertension or high blood pressure is a major risk factor for Diabetes. High blood pressure is generally defined as 140/90 mm Hg or higher.
  • History or Gestational Diabetes: Having Gestational Diabetes puts you at a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes later in life.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Exercising fewer than three times a week makes you more likely to develop Diabetes.
  • Family History: Have a family history increases your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) are at higher risk for Type 2 Diabetes.
  • Age: Some doctors advise anyone over the age of 45 be tested for Diabetes. Increasing age put you at higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. It is also important to remember that people can develop Diabetes at any age. If you are over 45 years old and are overweight or if you have any symptoms of Diabetes, talk to your doctor about a simple screening test.
A person using a hand held blood sugar tester

For more information:

Diabetes and Nutrition Education
Winona Health, Clinic 2nd floor
859 Mankato Avenue
Winona, MN 55987
8 a.m.–4:30 p.m. Monday–Friday

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